When I was in Cambridge….

One day in Cambridge

Today I want to tell you until my one day in Cambridge. When I was in Cambridge I got up early every morning. Especially on weekends.Every morning I went out I draw fresh air in my lungs. One day I woke up early. I did not know what to do. I had a decided. Firstly I went to the city centre. How a beautiful place. I love this place. When I went I had established small markets. I visited all the workbench. Then I bought a few pieces of souvenirs.I bought a few things for myself.But It was not cheap. It was normal. I sat on a bench. After I watched all the people. There were so many people from different countries. All people were having fun. I went to eat something Mc Donalds. Afterward I went to travel in the river. But I saw many beautiful places before coming in the river. All the streets were beautiful from each other. There was a different special atmosphere. People taking pictures, people waiting for the bus, around the following people. It was nice to watch them for me. I came here at the end of the river. The place was beyond excellent. The place was full of quiet and serenity. I loved it here. I sat on a bench.I watched river,birds,busses,trees ,people etc… I closed my eyes. Afterward I listened my head, my heart and silent. It was awesome. I sat there for more than 2 hours. I felt myself very well that within 2 hours. I took a lot of pictures. I first came to my riverside. But I wanted to come back. 2 hours had been more time. Later, I went to shop in PRIMARK . I got a lot of things myself. I got of a lot of things gift. PRIMARK is a large shopping center. Everyone should definitely come here. Prices are very reasonable. I kept the way home after shopping. I had finally come home. I can not tell you how much I was tired. I was one of most beautiful day in Cambridge. I wanted to share this moment with you.

I hope you have fun…

Brompton Oratory…

Officially the Church of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, this church on Brompton Road is better known as Brompton Oratory.
The second largest Roman Catholic church in London, the Church of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, often referred to as Brompton Oratory, was consecrated in 1884.

Brompton Oratory, London

Brompton Oratory

The facade and the majestic dome were added later, in 1890. The church was designed by Herbert Gribble, a recent convert to Catholicism who was just twenty-nine when he submitted the design for the church.

Design

Gribble chose an Italianate design for the church as he wished to bring this style to the United Kingdom. The building boasts marble columns and a beautiful fifty-foot (15m) vaulted dome that graces the London skyline.
Much of the artwork inside this place of worship was purchased from foreign churches, such as the marble statues portraying the twelve apostles. Originally located in the cathedral of Sienna, Italy, the statues were crafted by Giuseppe Mazzuoli, a seventeenth-century Italian sculptor who was best known for his voluptuous Baroque style. The eighteenth-century altar was obtained from a church in Rochefort, Belgium.

About the Congregation

The church belongs to the Congregation of the London Oratory, founded in the nineteenth century by Frederick William Faber following the sixteenth-century St. Philip Neri, who founded the congregation in Rome. It is a very conservative Catholic church; visitors are encouraged to dress modestly when entering the sanctuary.

Celebrities

The church has been the site of a number of British celebrity weddings. In the early years of the church, French poet Stephane Mellarme married there. In the 1889, English composer Edward Elgar wed at Brompton Oratory. In 1926, it was the site of the wedding of British suspense film maker Alfred Hitchcock.

 

Battersea Park….

Battersea Park is not very well known to tourists, but at two hundred acres (81 ha) in size, this large park just south of the river Thames provides locals with plenty of room to run around and enjoy the outdoors.

History of the Park

Battersea Park, London

Battersea Park
Opened in 1858 at the site of the former Battersea Fields and designed by Sir James Pennethorne, Battersea Park was popular with Victorian Londoners trying to find a place to relax away from the overcrowded city.
The park featured romantic gardens, a lake and waterfalls. The park was also home to the Wanderers Football Club and, in 1864, was the location of the first exhibition game of football played under the rules of the then-newly-formed Football Association of Great Britain.Nearly a century later, by the 1950s, Battersea Park became “The Festival Gardens”, opened in celebration of the 1951 Festival of Britain, a national exhibition that was staged to give Brits a feeling of recovery and rebirth after the destruction of World War II. Water gardens, fountains, and a new “tree-walk”

Battersea Park, London

were added at the time.

Also part of the transformation was the addition of the Battersea Fun Fair, an area of the park that included the Big Dipper Roller Coaster and several other rides and attractions. The Fun Fair closed in 1977.

Battersea Park Today

Eventually, the site of the Fun Fair was leveled but many other attractions were added to the park. Today, there’s much for both children and adults to see and do.

Battersea Park in London, UK

For the kids, there are a few playgrounds to choose from as well as a children’s petting zoo. Bicycles can be rented or visitors can bring their own to enjoy as they ride along the park’s bike paths. You also have the chance to row or pedal a boat on the park’s expansive lake.

There are also bowling fields, cricket pitches, tennis courts, jogging/ running paths, football and rugby fields, and more for the sports aficionado. Fishing in the lake is allowed with a permit.

Other Attractions

Temple of Peace, Battersea Park

Peace Pagoda
Battersea Park is also home to a number of excellent pieces of sculpture. Among the most popular are Henry Moore’s Three Standing Figures and Nicola Hicks’ Brown Dog. Art lovers may also want to visit the Pump House Gallery, a contemporary visual arts exhibition space with four floors full of exhibitions. Built in 1861, the Pump House is also a popular location for weddings.The most eye-catching landmark in the park is the 110ft tall (34m) Temple of Peace or Peace Pagoda, built in 1985 by buddhist monks in a span of eleven months. The pagoda is part of a worldwide network of such temples, all built by volunteers.

 

Grosvenor Square…

Grosvenor Square is the largest square in Mayfair, an exclusive district in central London. The square has been associated with Americans ever since the eighteenth century, when America’s first Ambassador to the U.K. lived here.

History

Grosvenor Square, London

Grosvenor Square
Grosvenor Square was created in 1720 as the centerpiece of the development of the Grosvenor Estate, a formerly rural area that was speculatively developed by the Grosvenor family into an upscale neighborhood. In 1725 John Alston created a design for a central, oval-shaped garden. Its layout was based on a former design submitted by Thomas Fairchild, a proponent of rural, wilderness-like gardens.The Garden Ovall, as it was known, was surrounded by low hedges and the lawns were dotted with dwarf trees. At its center stood an equestrian statue of King George I, one of the first such statues in the city. The garden was surrounded by railings and was only accessible to keyholders. They had to live around the garden and pay for its maintenance.

During the Second World War, the iron railing was removed and after the war the square opened to the public. The low shrubs and dwarf trees have long been replaced by lawns that are dotted with large Linden trees.

Little America

Dwight D. Eisenhower statue, Grosvenor Square, London

Dwight D. Eisenhower
in front of the
American embassy
Grosvenor Square is sometimes called ‘Little America’ for its connection with the United States. John Adams, the second president of the U.S. lived at 9, Grosvenor Square from 1785 to 1788 when he was the ambassador to the United Kingdom. In 1938 the American Embassy was established at the square. During the war Dwight D. Eisenhower had his headquarters opposite the embassy, which gave the square another nickname: ‘Eisenhower Platz’.In 1960 the embassy moved into a modern building designed by the Finnish architect Eero Saarinen, which occupies the west side of the Grosvenor Square. The massive building is guarded like a fortress, and the street between the embassy and the square has even been blocked off. The bunker-like embassy building contrasts with the elegant facades from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries that surround the square. It has received heritage protection, so it will not be demolished even though the embassy has plans to move to Battersea, near the Thames, where a new highly-secured glass cube surrounded by a moat is being built. The move is scheduled for 2017.

Statues and Monuments

Grosvenor Square features quite a number of statues and memorials that remind us of the centuries-long American connection.

Presidential statues

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Grosvenor Square, London

Roosevelt Statue

Eagle Squadrons Memorial, Grosvenor Square, London

Eagle Squadrons
Memorial
The first such statue was unveiled here in 1948 and honors the wartime president Franklin Delano Roosevelt. It was created by the Scottish sculptor William Reid Dick and inaugurated in the presence of his widow Eleanor Roosevelt and King George VI. The statue was paid for by donations of people from all over the United Kingdom.Dwight D. Eisenhower, who led D-Day from here, is also honored with a statue. It was unveiled in 1989 by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. The statue, which stands in front of the embassy building, was created by the American sculptor Robert Lee Dean.

Another former American President, Ronald Reagan, stands nearby, in the south-west corner of Grosvenor Square. His statue was unveiled on Independence Day in 2011 and was created by the American sculptor Chas Fagan. Near the statue is a piece of the Berlin Wall, a reference to the president’s role in the fall of the Iron Curtain.

Eagle Squadrons Memorial

The Eagle Squadrons Memorial commemorates the American volunteer fighter pilots who served in the RAF Eagle Squadron prior to the involvement of the United States in the Second World War in December 1941. The memorial shows a bronze eagle perched atop a column. It was created by the English sculptor Elizabeth Frink and unveiled in 1986.

September 11 Memorial Garden

September 11 Memorial Garden, Grosvenor Square, London

September 11 Memorial Garden
The September 11 Memorial Garden on the east side of Grosvenor Square remembers those who lost their lives in the terrorist attacks on the U.S. on September 11, 2001. Three bronze plaques remember the 67 British citizens who died during the attacks.The memorial consists of a wooden temple flanked by two pergolas embracing a small garden. In front of the temple is a memorial stone inscribed with an excerpt of a poem by Henry Van Dyke. A section of a steel girder from the WTC is buried underneath the stone.

 

County Hall…

One of the most recognizable buildings in London, County Hall, the former home of the Greater London Council, is now a popular tourist stop thanks to the London Aquarium and a number of other establishments that are housed in this historic building.
County Hall, London

History and Architecture

The six-story County Hall, situated on the South Bank of the River Thames, was designed in Edwardian Baroque style by twentieth century British architect, Ralph Knott. Faced in Portland stone, it took about eleven years to build the main building at County Hall, with construction beginning in 1911 and ending in 1922. Additional buildings – known as the North, South, and Island blocks – were gradually added, with the last one finished in the mid 1970s.Sitting across the Thames from the Houses of Parliament, County Hall was the home of the London County Council, the city’s principal local government. The County Council was later replaced by the Greater London Council (GLC), an organization that clashed with the British Government in the 1980s. The group

County Hall, London

often displayed anti-government sentiment on the outside of the building so all those entering Parliament could view them.

Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher dissolved the GLC in 1986 and the building then served as headquarters for the Inner London Education Authority, which was abolished soon after in 1990.

In the 90s, this impressive building was sold to a private party, who tore down the Island block to make way for a new hotel. Space was rented to a number of retail establishments, including stores and restaurants. Today, County Hall’s excellent location makes it a stopping place for tourists searching for a bite to eat or a little shopping time.

What’s There?

County Hall, London
County Hall, located in London’s Lambeth neighborhood, is now home to the London Aquarium, a five-star Marriott Hotel, a Premier Travel Inn, and a number of shops and restaurants, the latter ranging from small take-out establishments to fine sit-down eateries.County Hall also plays host to many traveling or temporary exhibitions. A number of different sized venues are available at the facility to host everything from art exhibits to film festivals and much more.

Waterloo Place….

Waterloo Place, a broad extension of Regent Street, is awash with statues and monuments that honor heroes and statesmen of the British Empire. It is framed by palatial buildings designed by John Nash, the famed Regency-era architect, and Decimus Burton, his protégé.

Triumphal Way

Waterloo Place, London

Waterloo Place
Waterloo Place was created at the end of the 1820s as the final piece of the triumphal way that connects Regent’s Park with Pall Mall. Construction of the triumphal way, which included Regent Street as its centerpiece, started in 1810 to a design by John Nash.Carlton House, the residence of king George IV on Pall Mall, was a significant obstacle since the planned road ran straight through the mansion, but after the king died in 1830, Buckingham Palace became the main royal residence and Carlton House was demolished. In its place came two similar buildings, the Carlton House Terraces, with between them a monumental flight of steps that lead from Pall Mall towards a new open space that was named Waterloo Place in memory of the 1815 Battle of Waterloo, where Napoleon was defeated.

The Buildings

Carlton House Terrace at Waterloo Place in London

Carlton House
To the south, Waterloo Place is framed by the Carlton House Terraces, two massive buildings with Doric colonnades that overlook St. James’s Park. The two 140 meter long terraces were the last buildings designed by John Nash. The west terrace used to house the German embassy. It features an interior designed by Albert Speer, and outside is a small grave that commemorates Giro, the ambassador’s German shepherd who was accidentally electrocuted in 1934 when he chewed on electrical wires. His headstone, which reads ‘Ein treuer Begleiter’ (a faithful companion), is the only Nazi-era memorial in London.The Doric theme is continued in the porticoes of the two majestic buildings that flank the middle of Waterloo Place. Both buildings were planned by Nash but eventually executed by Decimus Burton. The one on the northeast side is the Institute of Directors. Opposite is the Athenaeum, the most gracious of the two buildings, decorated with a long blue-and-white frieze that was inspired by the Parthenon. Above the portico stands a gilded statue of Pallas Athena.

 

Statues and Monuments

Duke of York Column at Waterloo Place in London

Duke of York Column

Crimean War Memorial at Waterloo Place in London

Crimean War Memorial

Statues of Florence Nightingale and Sidney Herbert at Waterloo Place in London

Florence Nightingale
and Sidney Herbert
Waterloo Place is adorned with an abundance of statues and monuments. The most eye-catching is undoubtedly the Duke of York Column, a 34 meter (112 ft) tall granite column with a statue of Frederick, Duke of York and Albany. The monument was built in 1831-1834 to a design by Benjamin Dean Wyatt. The duke, who is best known for his reform of the army, is remembered in a nursery rhyme as the grand old duke who marched his men to the top of the hill, and marched them down again.On the opposite, north side of Waterloo Place, in the middle of a traffic island sits the Guards’ Crimean War Memorial, which commemorates the more than 2000 guards who died during the Crimean War of 1854-1856. The monument was designed by John Bell and installed here in 1860. It consists of a plinth topped with an allegorical statue of Honour. In front of the plinth stand guardsmen that were cast from melted down canons captured from the Russians.

Reporters of the war confronted the British citizens with the poor medical treatment of wounded soldiers, which prompted the Secretary of War, Sidney Herbert, to for the first time send female nurses to the front. One of these nurses was Florence Nightingale, who improved the conditions in the hospitals and saved the lives of numerous soldiers. She is honored with a statue in front of the Crimean War Memorial. She was known as the ‘Lady with the Lamp’, that’s why she is depicted holding a lamp in her hand. Next to her is a statue of Sidney Herbert who facilitated Nightingale’s work.

An equestrian statue in the middle of Waterloo Place honors King Edward VII. It was created in 1912-1921 by the Austrialian-born sculptor Bertram Mackennal after his original plans for a massive monument were rejected by George V, Edward VII’s successor.

Statue of John Fox Burgoyne at Waterloo Place in London

John Fox Burgoyne

Relief of the burial of John Franklin at Waterloo Place in London

Burial of John Franklin

Statue of Robert Falcon Scott at Waterloo Place in London

Robert Falcon Scott

Memorial to Colin Campbell at Waterloo Place in London

Colin Campbell
Memorial

Several more statues line Waterloo Place on the east and west side. The first statue on the west side, near Carlton House Terrace, is that of John Fox Burgoyne, who fought in the Iberian and Crimean Wars. His statue was created by Joseph Edgar Boehm and installed here in 1877.

Next to him is the statue of John Franklin, an arctic explorer known for his pursuit of finding a route through the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, the so-called Northwest passage. His last expedition never returned home. Search teams later found all 128 members of the expedition had died, and discovered evidence of extreme hardship and even cannibalism. Despite his failure, Franklin became a hero, hence his statue here. A relief on the pedestal depicts his burial in the Arctic. An inscription below states that he did find the Northwest passage he sacrificed his life for.

The following statue, near the Athenaeum, shows the New Zealander Keith Park, a flying ace during WWI. In WWII he was responsible for the aerial defense of London during the Battle of Britain. The 2010 bronze statue, created by Les Johnson, shows Park readying himself for a flight.

Opposite is the statue of Robert Falcon Scott, an explorer who made two expeditions to Antarctica. In 1912, during the second expedition, he reached the South Pole, only to discover that Amundsen had beaten him to it. Scott and his four companions died on the return trip. The statue of Scott was created by his widow Kathleen Scott and depicts the explorer in a polar outfit.

Next to the statue of Scott is the largest monument on Waterloo Place, dedicated to Colin Campbell. Campbell was a British Army officer who fought in the Peninsula War, the War of 1812, the Opium War, the Anglo-Sikh War and the Crimean War but he is most famous for his role during the Indian Mutiny, when he succeeded in raising the siege at Lucknow in 1857. Ten years later his statue, created by Carlo Marochetti, was unveiled here in Waterloo Place. In front of the granite plinth, on a couchant lion, sits the bronze figure of Brittania.

The next statue, near Carlton House Terrace, depicts John Lawrence, who also played a major role during the Indian Mutiny. In 1864, six years after the suppression of the rebellion Lawrence became Viceroy of India. His statue was created by Joseph Edgar Boehm and erected here in 1882.

Royal Courts of Justice…

The Royal Courts of Justice building has been home to the High Court of England and Wales since the late nineteenth century.

Building the Courts

Royal Courts of Justice, London

Royal Courts of Justice
The idea for a new Royal Courts building was proposed in 1866 and followed by an announcement by Parliament of a competition for architects who wished to create a design for the new structure. Ironically, the winner would be an architect who was also a lawyer/solicitor – Mr. George Edmund Street.Groundbreaking for Street’s Victorian Gothic design happened in 1873 and it took more than eight years to build the structure, largely because of a nationwide masons’ strike that caused a temporary stoppage of work at the future home of the Royal Courts of Justice. Parliamentary officials brought in workers from other European countries to complete the job but the hiring of these individuals caused so much ruckus that work did not continue on schedule until all labor disputes were resolved.

Queen Victoria opened the building in December 1882, accompanied by much fanfare. Unfortunately, the architect – who designed the entire exterior of the building including all the ornamentation – died before his

Royal Courts of Justice, London

Clock Tower

Clock at the Law Courts in London

The clock

masterpiece was finished.

Architecture

In total, it cost about £2.2 million to purchase the land and build the structure that would be the Royal Courts.The main entrance features two very ornate porches fitted with iron gates and leads to the cavernous Great Hall, which is built in cathedral nave style. It features soaring arches and breathtaking stained glass windows featuring the coats of arms of Lord Chancellors and keepers of the Great Seal. There’s also a beautiful mosaic marble floor. Today, this portion of the building can be rented for large events.

Outside, the carvings on the porches are a mix of secular and religious. Above the outer porch, one can find heads of England’s most prominent lawyers and judges of that era, but you’ll also find Jesus, Moses, and King Solomon as well as a somewhat whimsical carving of a cat and dog, meant to depict opposing litigants.

The gateways on either side of the main entrance lead to courtrooms as well as jury and witness rooms, robing rooms, and consultation rooms. Many of the original courtrooms are paneled in oak and each has a different design as they were created by a variety of architects.

Expansion

Portal of Royal Courts of Justice, London

Triple portal
The first extension to the building was made less than thirty years after its completion and was designed to house more divorce courts. This is known as the West Green Building. No other additions were made until 1968, when the Queen’s Building was added, providing yet more courtrooms. In addition, cells for criminal proceedings were added in the basement. In 1990, the Thomas More Building was added to house additional bankruptcy courts. Little room remains for any additional expansion projects though some large courtrooms have been subdivided to provide additional space.In total, this immense building now measures 470 feet (approximately 143 meters) from aast to west; 460 feet (approximately 140 meters) from north to south; and 245 feet (approximately 74 meters) from ground level to the top of the spire.

 

National Portrait Gallery…

The National Portrait Gallery is home to the largest collection of historic portraits in the world. It gives a fascinating view of the people that shaped the history of Britain, including kings, poets, musicians and other famous or even infamous personalities.
National Portrait Gallery, London

National Portrait Gallery
The main entrance of the museum is somewhat tucked away behind the more famous National Gallery, so many people tend to skip it, but if you’re somewhat interested in arts and history, this is a museum you shouldn’t miss.

History

The National Portrait Gallery was established in 1856, mainly thanks to the support of the Earl of Stanhope, at the time director of the British Museum. The main idea behind the museum was to display the portraits of British heroes as a source of inspiration. For forty years the collection moved from one place to another until it settled at its current location behind theNational Gallery.

The Collection

King Henry VIII, National Portrait Gallery, London

Henry VIII
In all, there are about 160,000 portraits in the museum’s collection, stretching from the 16th century to the present – the oldest being a 1505 portrait of King Henry VII. About 11,000 of those are part of the primary collection and some 4,000 are displayed at any given time in London and in satellite locations. Some are shown on a rotating basis, especially those that are more fragile. In addition, the gallery commissions about six portraits a year in order to continue to promote the importance of such works of art. These include paintings, sculptures, drawings, photographs, and works in mixed media. Those from the last several decades are displayed as part of the museum’s contemporary collection.

Including the Living

Margaret Thatcher, National Portrait Gallery

Margaret Thatcher
Initially people had to be dead before their portrait could be displayed at the National Portrait Gallery, as only time could tell if someone was deemed worthy of inclusion. Today the rules are more relaxed, and several people have already had the honor of seeing their own portrait at the National Portrait Gallery, including Margaret Thatcher, the UK’s prime minister from 1979 to 1990.

Exhibits

The National Portrait Gallery is divided into rooms according to historical time period. These include Tudor and Elizabethan, Stuart and Civil War, Georgian, Regency, Victorian and Edwardian, 20th Century, and Contemporary. Royalty watchers will especially enjoy the paintings and photographs on the Royal Family, including many of the late Diana, Princess of Wales.Temporary exhibits are many at the National Portrait Gallery and change fairly often. They span all eras and mediums and visits to most of them are included in the regular admission price. Some special exhibitions carry an additional fee.